One of the requirements for United States citizenship through naturalization is to take the naturalization exam. This test demonstrates that a person is able to read, write, and speak basic English and that he/she has a basic knowledge of U.S. history and government.
Once an applicant has submitted the Form N-400, Application for Naturalization, and had his/her fingerprints taken at a USCIS facility, he/she will receive an appointment for an interview with an official at the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). During this meeting the applicant will be required to answer various questions about his/her application and background. During the interview, a USCIS officer will test the applicant’s knowledge of civics and his/her ability to read, write, and speak English. The applicant will be given a total of 10 random questions (out of the total of 100) that he/she must an answer about U.S. history, civics and government. The applicant must answer at least 6 out of 10 questions correctly in order to become a citizen.
The applicant will be given two opportunities to take the English and civics tests and to answer all questions relating to his/her naturalization application in English. If he/she fail any of the tests during the initial interview, he/she will be retested on the portion of the test that was failed (English or civics) between 60 and 90 days from the date of his/her initial interview.