John and Tyler have completed 2200 miles of cycling. John and Kipp have completed 318 miles of walking.
We are aware that this post belongs between Texas and Tennessee, but we are behind in our blogging and hope you will understand….
As of this afternoon in Kentucky, which is where we are while writing about Arkansas, John and Tyler have cycled 2200 miles. John and Kipp have walked 318.
Arkansas has a particularly interesting recorded human history, beginning with the tens of thousands of Native Americans who had made their homes in this area by the time Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto arrived in 1541. Most of the native villages were located near the Mississippi River. With the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, the area that is now Arkansas became part of America. Arkansas became a state in 1836, with its capital in Little Rock. “After a divided Arkansas seceded from the Union in 1861, it became a strategic target for both North and South because of its location on the Mississippi River and its role as a gateway to the Southwest.”
Most Native Americans were forced to leave Arkansas during the Indian Removals of the 1800’s. These tribes are not extinct. Almost all of their descendants live in Oklahoma, where they were forced to move. Those who escaped the Removals remain in Arkansas. There are no federally recognized Indian Tribes in Arkansas today. We will write more about the history of American Native Peoples in a future blog.
As with each state, there is much to learn about history, geography, peoples, parks, current happenings and anything you can imagine. Here is the link to the website from which the quote above and other historical information were taken: http://www.arkansas.com/things-to-do/history-heritage/
Here are some facts about the state to whet your appetite for learning more:
President William Jefferson Clinton was born August 19, 1946 in Hope, Arkansas. Here are two of the countless links about President Clinton: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/presidents/williamjclinton http://clinton4.nara.gov/WH/EOP/OP/html/Hope.html
Arkansas is the only state that has passed a resolution on how to pronounce its name. In 1881, the Arkansas Legislature declared the correct pronunciation to be: AR-kanSAW
The state bird is the Mockingbird. The state flower is the apple blossom.
Arkansas is the country’s leading producer of rice, providing about 46% of the nation’s supply. Arkansas farmers also grow soybeans, cotton, corn and wheat.
“Hattie Ophelia Wyatt Caraway (1878-1950) was the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate, the first woman to preside over the Senate, the first to chair a Senate committee, and the first to preside over a Senate hearing. She served from 1932 to 1945 and was a strong supporter of President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s economic recovery legislation during the Great Depression.” http://encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=1278
Daisy Gatson Bates, whose efforts led to the desegregation of Little Rock’s Central High School in 1957, is honored each year on the third Monday in February. http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=591
The MacArthur Museum of Arkansas Military History is named for General Douglas MacArthur, who was born in Little Rock in 1880. http://www.history.army.mil/faq/mac_bio.htm
For more than two hundred years, people have bathed in the hot springs flowing from Hot Springs Mountain. Historic bathhouses line “Bathhouse Row” in Hot Springs National Park.